Top 10 Oldest Gun Manufacturers in World

If you are a gun enthusiast, you might be curious about the history and heritage of the firearms industry. Who are the oldest gun manufacturers in the world, and how have they survived and thrived for centuries? In this article, we will explore the top 10 oldest gun companies in the world, based on their year of establishment. We will also look at their products, achievements, and challenges over time.

Top 10 Oldest Gun Manufacturers in the World

1. Beretta (Italy) – Founded in 1526

Beretta is the world’s oldest operating gun manufacturer, and also one of the most renowned. The company traces its origins to a contract from the State of Venice in 1526, to supply 185 arquebus barrels. Since then, Beretta has been continuously producing firearms for civilians, law enforcement, and military forces. Beretta is famous for its pistols, such as the M9 and the 92 series, as well as its shotguns, rifles, and carbines. Beretta is also the parent company of several other brands, such as Benelli, Sako, and Steiner.

2. Klett (Germany) – Founded in 1578

Klett is the second oldest gun manufacturer in the world, and also one of the most exclusive. The company is a family-owned business that specializes in bespoke, handmade breakdown guns and rifles. Klett’s products are known for their craftsmanship, quality, and elegance. They are also very expensive and rare, as each gun is custom-made to the client’s specifications and preferences.

3. Sabatti (Italy) – Founded in 1674

Sabatti is another Italian gun manufacturer that has a long and rich history. The company was founded by Ludovico Sabatti in 1674, and has been passed down through the generations ever since. Sabatti produces a wide range of firearms, from hunting rifles and shotguns to tactical rifles and pistols. Sabatti combines traditional gun-making techniques with modern technology and innovation.

4. J.P. Sauer & Sohn (Germany) – Founded in 1751

J.P. Sauer & Sohn is the youngest company on our list, but still one of the most influential. The company was founded by Johann Paul Sauer in 1751, and has been producing firearms for hunting, sport, and defense ever since. J.P. Sauer & Sohn is best known for its partnership with SIG (Swiss Industrial Company) in the 1970s, which resulted in the creation of SIG SAUER, one of the most popular firearm brands today. SIG SAUER offers a variety of handguns, rifles, carbines, optics, and ammunition for civilian and military markets.

5. Tula Arms Plant (Russia) – Founded in 1712

Tula Arms Plant is the oldest gun manufacturer in Russia, and one of the largest in the world. The company was founded by Peter the Great in 1712 as a state-owned enterprise to produce firearms for the Russian Army. Tula Arms Plant has played a key role in many wars and conflicts involving Russia, such as the Napoleonic Wars, World War I, World War II, and the Cold War. Tula Arms Plant produces a wide range of weapons, from guided missiles and assault rifles to shotguns and carbines.

6. Indian Ordnance Factories (India) – Founded in 1775

Indian Ordnance Factories is a group of 41 factories that produce arms and ammunition for the Indian Armed Forces and other security agencies. The group was established by the British rulers in 1775 as the Board of Ordnance in Fort William, Kolkata. Indian Ordnance Factories produces various types of firearms, such as pistols, revolvers, rifles, machine guns, grenade launchers, mortars, rockets, bombs, and mines.

7. Colt (USA) – Founded in 1836

Colt is one of the most iconic American gun manufacturers, and one of the pioneers of revolver technology. The company was founded by Samuel Colt in 1836, and has been producing firearms for civilian and military use ever since. Colt is famous for its revolvers, such as the Single Action Army, the Python, and the Anaconda, as well as its pistols, such as the M1911 and the M45A1. Colt also manufactures rifles, such as the AR-15 and the M16.

8. Remington (USA) – Founded in 1816

Remington is another legendary American gun manufacturer, and one of the oldest in North America. The company was founded by Eliphalet Remington II in 1816, and has been producing firearms for hunting, sport, and defense ever since. Remington is known for its shotguns, such as the Model 870 and the Model 1100, as well as its rifles, such as the Model 700 and the Model 7600.

9. Winchester (USA) – Founded in 1866

Winchester is a brand name that represents several American gun manufacturers, such as the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, the Olin Corporation, and the Browning Arms Company. The brand was established by Oliver Winchester in 1866, and has been synonymous with lever-action rifles ever since. Winchester is famous for its rifles, such as the Model 1866, the Model 1873, the Model 1894, and the Model 70, as well as its shotguns, such as the Model 1887 and the Model 1897.

10. Mauser (Germany) – Founded in 1871

Mauser is a German gun manufacturer that has a reputation for producing high-quality and reliable firearms. The company was founded by Peter Paul Mauser in 1871, and has been producing firearms for hunting, sport, and military use ever since. Mauser is known for its bolt-action rifles, such as the Gewehr 98, the Karabiner 98k, and the M98 Magnum, as well as its pistols, such as the C96 and the HSc.


These are the top 10 oldest gun manufacturers in the world, based on their year of establishment. They have been producing firearms for centuries, and have contributed to the development and innovation of the firearms industry. They have also faced many challenges and changes over time, such as wars, competition, regulations, and market demands. However, they have managed to survive and thrive by adapting to the changing needs and preferences of their customers.

10 Most Asked Questions and Answers

Q: What is the oldest gun in the world?

A: The oldest gun in the world is believed to be a hand cannon from China, dating back to the 13th century.

Q: What is the difference between a gun and a firearm?

A: A gun is a general term for any weapon that fires projectiles using an explosive charge, while a firearm is a specific type of gun that uses a confined propellant to launch a bullet or a shell.

Q: What are the main types of guns?

A: The main types of guns are handguns, rifles, shotguns, machine guns, and submachine guns.

Q: What are the main parts of a gun?

A: The main parts of a gun are the barrel, the action, the trigger, the magazine, and the stock or grip.

Q: How does a gun work?

A: A gun works by using an explosive charge to create a high-pressure gas that propels a projectile out of the barrel. The action of the gun controls the loading, firing, and ejecting of the ammunition.

Q: How do you safely handle a gun?

A: You safely handle a gun by following these four rules: always treat every gun as if it is loaded, never point a gun at anything you are not willing to destroy, keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot, and be aware of your target and what is beyond it.

Q: How do you clean and maintain a gun?

A: You clean and maintain a gun by following these steps: unload and disassemble the gun, clean the bore and chamber with a solvent and a brush, wipe down all metal parts with a cloth and oil, reassemble and function check the gun, and store it in a safe and dry place.

Q: How do you choose a gun for yourself?

A: You choose a gun for yourself by considering these factors: your purpose, your budget, your skill level, your physical ability, your preference, and your legal requirements.

Q: How do you store a gun safely?

A: You store a gun safely by following these guidelines: unload and lock the gun, use a secure storage device such as a safe or a lockbox, keep the key or combination away from unauthorized persons, store the ammunition separately from the gun, and educate your family members about gun safety.

Q: How do you learn more about guns?

A: You learn more about guns by reading books, magazines, websites, blogs, and forums about guns; watching videos, podcasts, documentaries, and shows about guns; taking courses, classes, workshops, and seminars about guns; joining clubs, groups, associations, and organizations about guns; visiting museums, exhibitions, shows, and events about guns; and talking to experts, instructors, dealers, collectors, and enthusiasts about guns.

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